Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Jute?

Jute is a coarse fibre made from the stems of a tropical plant used for making rope/yard, woven into sacking Hessian etc. Raw Jute, as it is known in trade, comprises of jute and Mesta Fibres. Jute Fibre is obtained from two plant species such as Corchorus Capsularis (White Jute) and C. Olitorius (Tossa Jute). The plant species Hibiscus sabdariffa Var. altissima and H. cannabinus yield Mesta fibres. Besides, there is another type of fibre known as Bimli but not in the same species of jute. Bimli is inferior in quality as well as cheaper to jute and is grown mainly in the State of Andhra Pradesh.


2. What is Mesta?

As stated for "1." above.


3. What is Bimli?

As stated for "1." above.


4. What are the main factors in cultivation of jute?

Alternate rain and sunshine, fertile land, adequate water for retting and manpower.


5. Name of the jute producing countries?

India, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Mayanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Vietnam.


6. What are the uses of jute?

Manufacturing of sacking, Hessian cloth, Carpet backing and various types of jute diversified products.


7. What are the features of jute?

The fibre is mainly golden and blackish in colour. Jute is a staple fibre having short staple length adhere together by a gummy material known as lignin. The average reed-length of a jute fibre is more than 1 meter.


8. In which part of India jute is being produced?

West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh and Meghalaya.


9. What are the differences between jute, mesta and bimli?

As stated for "1." above.


10. What is Minimum Support Price (MSP)? How it is determined and announced?

Minimum Support Price (MSP) is a price announces by the Govt. of India on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) for raw jute TD5 grade ex Assam. The office of Jute Commissioner, based on this price, notifies prices of all the grades(TD1 to TD8) for Tossa and other varities of Mesta and Bimli grown in different parts of the country.


11. What are the factors to derive Minimum Support Price (MSP) per quintals?

Mainly the cost of production is taken into account in determining MSP.


12. Is there any role of jute mills in determining MSP?

Yes, the CACP, every year conducts a meeting and takes the views of all stake holders that is Jute growers, State Governments, Office of the Jute Commissioner, Central and State Agriculture Departments, Jute Mills, JCI etc to determine the MSP for the year.


13. Is there any agency for making purchases under MSP?

Jute Corporation of India Limited, Kolkata, is the nodal agency of Government of India to purchase raw jute under MSP.


14. How JCI ensures purchases under MSP in all 7 Jute growing states of the country?

JCI is maintaining wide infrastructure of 171 Departmental Purchase Centres (DPCs),16 Regional offices with Head Office at Kolkata to ensure purchase of entire quantity of raw jute offered to them under MSP.


15. How JCI helps the farmers in getting remunerative price for the raw jute produced by them?

JCI undertakes the purchases of raw jute as and when ruling market prices fall below the MSP which helped the farmers in getting remunerative price at MSP or above the MSP. The purchases of JCI through its 171 Departmental Purchase Centers, helped farmers in getting good price for their produce.


16. What is the role of JCI in Indian Agricultural Economy?

The Jute Corporation of India Limited (JCI) came into existence in 1971 to undertake, inter-alia, MSP operation of raw jute to protect the jute growers from the distress sale to the middlemen so that such jute growers can get a minimum remunerative price for their produce. JCI is the only agency operating in raw jute to provide necessary marketing facilities to jute growers in the rural areas.


17. Whether JCI has any plan in future to provide modern marketing facilities and information centers for the benefit of jute growers?

There are 5 schemes to be implemented by JCI during 2007-12 under Mini mission III of Jute Technology Mission.

Scheme-1 : There is a provision for development of 10 Market Yards (M.Y) with expenditure of Rs one crore on each M.Y wherein 60% central Government and 40% state Government share.

Scheme-2 : There is a provision for construction of 20 Departmental Purchase Centres with expenditure of .Rs one crore each i.e Rs 20 crores with 100% Central Government share. All modern facilities that is assortment shed, purchase platform, storage godown, office building with information centers, banking facilities, weighment facilities, LED Display Board with computer facility for on line transfer of market rates etc are to be provided in each market yard and newly constructed DPCs of JCI.

Scheme-3 : There is a provision of Rs 5 crores (90% central government and 10% by Beneficiaries) for construction of Retting Tanks to demonstrate the new retting technologies developed for jute retting which require less water with improvement in quality of raw jute.

Scheme-4 : There is a provision of Rs 2 crores to demonstrate new retting technologies (through DPCs of JCI), developed by CRIJAF, NIRJAFT, other research institutes/Universities/Scientists, every year for 5 years to popularize them among jute growers.

Scheme-5 : There is a provision of Rs 1.60 crores for development of high speed Ribboner for ribbon retting.

These 5 schemes are already under implementation by JCI.


18. How JCI performance is being evaluated every year?

JCI has to execute a Memorandun of Understanding (MOU) in each year with the Ministry of Textile where JCI has to achieve a target turnover as mentioned therein. Accordingly, JCI undertakes MSP and other activities to achieve the same in order to fulfill the MOU targets.


19. What is present rating of JCI against their MOU targets?

JCI rating was excellent during 2007-08 and it will again achieve excellent grading during 2008-09 as per their final annual accounts.


20. Is JCI a profit making corporation?

Yes, JCI is now first time profit making corporation with more than Rs 50 crores cumulative profits even after making provisions for implementation of 2nd and 6 th pay commissions for their employees.


21. What are the other ‘Jute Related Bodies’ with whom JCI have interactions?

Office of the Jute Commissioner, Jute Manufactures Development Council, National Centre for Jute Diversification, Indian Jute Industries & Research Association, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, National Institute of Research on Jute & Allied Fibre Technology, Institute of Jute Technology, Indian Jute Mills Association and Jute Balers Association etc.


22. Whether jute is covered under the Essential Commodities Act?

Yes.


23. Whether jute bags is covered under the jute packaging material (compulsory use in packing commodities) Act. 1987?

Yes.


24. What is the function of the Office of the Jute Commissioner?

It is the local highest body in jute. It Acts as a Controlling Authority in all aspects related with jute. This Office is under the Ministry of Textiles.